An autoimmune condition is one in which the immune system of the body attacks its own cells and destroys them in the bargain. Amongst many autoimmune diseases that can afflict people, rheumatoid arthritis is the most common but a painful one. Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the joints. To be more specific, the immune system mistakes the lining of the joints as foreign and attacks them resulting in severe inflammation accompanied by pain.
The joint damage happens on both sides of the body. e.g. if the joint in one of the arms or legs are affected, the same joint in the other pair of the arm or leg will also be affected. It also affects the distal joints i.e. hands, wrists and knees.
Let’s have a look at a detailed description of how the disease actually happens. Joints are the structures in the human body at which two bones join together to facilitate easy movement. These joints also called synovial joints are enclosed within protective capsules lined by a thin tissue called synovium.
Synovial fluid is a clear fluid produced by the synovium which provides lubrication and nutrients for joint tissues, bones, and cartilage. In rheumatoid arthritis, the leucocytes or the white blood cells of the immune system enter the synovium causing swelling, redness, warmth, and pain in the synovial joint. As time passes by, the inflamed synovium damages the cartilage and the bone-weakening the supportive muscles, ligaments, and tendons.
The signs and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis occur during certain periods and are known as flares. The symptoms are not seen at all in periods of remission. The disease starts off with early signs like joint pain, swelling and stiffness which get worse over a period of time. Since rheumatoid arthritis is a progressive disease it usually starts in small bones of wrists and hands and if left untreated, inflammation can start to develop in other parts of the skeletal system too. The joint function can also be lost in case the symptoms become very severe.
There have been many studies to know the exact reason for the occurrence of rheumatoid arthritis but nothing concrete has come into light till now. Though genes and environmental factors are believed to be the most common reason. The presence of HLA (Human leucocyte gene) is said to increase the chances of rheumatoid arthritis in an individual by many folds.
Some of the environmental factors that can contribute to the condition are as follows:
- Female hormones
- High stress levels
- Exposure to allergens like dust and certain fibres
- Certain viral and bacterial infections
- Excessive smoking
It is interesting to note that rheumatoid arthritis is different from osteoarthritis as the difference lies in the way they affect the body. Firstly, the damage to cartilage and bones in case of osteoarthritis is more because of mechanical wear and tear. Secondly, osteoarthritis does not always necessarily affect symmetrical joints.
The diagnosis for rheumatoid arthritis is done by taking many factors into consideration after knowing the medical history of the patient. Blood tests like antinuclear antibody tests, rheumatoid factor test. C-reactive protein test and erythrocyte sedimentation rate tests are done. These blood tests are followed by imaging tests like X-ray, ultrasound, MRI, etc.
The main aim in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis is to put a stop or slow down the progression of the disease by controlling the inflammation. Some are treated by anti inflammatory drugs and disease modifying anti rheumatic drugs (DMARDs).
There is a possibility of slowing down the inflammation to an extent where the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis are not so painful. The answer lies in the use of Calmya from Bagdara Farms.
How Calmya helps in Rheumatoid Arthritis Pain
- Certain cytokines are activated when the immune system starts attacking the body which in turn results in the secretion of the enzyme COX2. Prostaglandins target the joints which are formed with the help of enzyme COX 2 . Research has shown that curcumin can significantly decrease the secretion of all the above enzymes causing inflammation in the body.
- Regular consumption of curcumin as well as turmerone can help in the reduction of the degeneration process which takes place in arthritic bones and joints.
- Curcumin is also shown to induce cell death or apoptosis on the damaged and inflamed cells and in the bargain the healthy cells are protected.
- Since curcumin is a good antioxidant, it helps to prevent oxidation in cells of the joints, thus reduce degeneration in target cells of the joints.
- Pain due to inflammation is a common symptom of rheumatoid arthritis which can be managed to a large extent by regular use of curcumin.