The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland which is situated in front of the throat above the collarbone with each lobe on either side of the windpipe. It is the largest endocrine gland which secretes hormones Thyroxine, triiodothyronine and calcitonin. Since it is an endocrine gland, it will give out its secretions right into the blood. The production of the three thyroid hormones is in turn controlled by Thyroid stimulating hormones or TSH which is secreted by the pituitary gland (located below the hypothalamus of the brain).
Thyroxine and triiodothyronine control the production of hormones regulating the metabolism ( the rate at which our body burns the calories). Calcitonin is involved with the regulation of calcium levels in the body. As per statistics, due to our careless lifestyle and high-stress levels, our thyroid gland is going a little berserk leading to the disruption in the production of thyroid hormones too.
This can cause many health conditions like lumps, inflammation, and swelling of the thyroid gland, goiter ( excessive swelling of the thyroid gland and even thyroid cancer. Hypothyroidism is a condition in which there is less production of thyroid hormone causing many side effects on the body. Hyperthyroidism is a condition in which there is excessive production of thyroid hormone due to overactivity of the thyroid gland.
Treating thyroid problems is a long term process and the patient needs to be on medication to control the thyroid hormone levels. One of the best natural recourses that help in getting the thyroid hormone levels back to normal is curcumin. We have been hearing a lot about curucmin these days.
Ain’t we? So what is this curcumin?
Curcumin is one of the beneficial polyphenols which are found in turmeric. Turmeric belongs to the ginger family and has been used extensively in adding flavor and aroma to various cuisines. It is also very known in the field of Ayurveda for its multiple medicinal properties.
Let’s have a look at how Curcumin is helpful in keeping the Thyroid healthy.
- First of all, curcumin is a great anti-inflammatory agent which can help to bring down high inflammation levels. Inflammation is one of the biggest reasons for goiter, thyroid cancer, etc. Curcumin is known to inhibit the activities of TNF- alpha and Nuclear factor –kappa B which lead to excessive inflammation in the thyroid.
- Hyperthyroidism is a condition which can lead to a lot of oxidative stress on the brain. Curcumin has amazing antioxidant properties which can protect the brain from the oxidative damage caused due to high levels of thyroid hormones.
- Research has shown that curcumin can help to balance the levels of thyroid hormone in the case of hypothyroidism.
- Curcumin is also known for its immunomodulatory action which means that keeps the immune system acting at its optimum level; not too much and not too less. Grave’s disease and Hashimoto’s disease are autoimmune thyroid conditions. Curcumin regulates the activity of immune cells and thus reduce the chances of occurrence of thyroid autoimmune diseases.
- Goiter is the abnormal swelling of the thyroid gland. Regular intake of curcumin has shown to reduce the occurrence of goiter in a large population of people.
- Last but not the least, thyroid cancer can also be caused due to excessive inflammation in the thyroid gland. Curcumin shows antitumor properties to prevent the occurrence of thyroid cancer
- . In patients who are undergoing treatment for thyroid cancer, curcumin helps to sensitize the cancer cells to the action of radioactive iodine which is mostly used for the treatment. Curcumin also prevents the spread or metastasis of cancer cells from the thyroid gland to various other parts of the body.