How can we forget the burning feeling up our throat after a spicy and heavy meal? That’s exactly how acidity feels like! Acidity is a common condition which is caused due to the stomach acid flowing back up into the esophagus or food pipe. Once the food that we consume passes through the food pipe into the stomach, the gastric glands there start producing acid ( weak Hydrochloric acid) which is required to digest the food and also to kill any germs that might have entered the alimentary canal along with the food. The upheaval of acid is caused when an excess of this acid is produced and is characterized by a burning sensation above the stomach and below the breastbone.
Few of the common signs and symptoms of acidity are:
- Burning sensation in the stomach, heart and throat.
- Difficulty in swallowing
- Bad breath
- Sour taste in the mouth
People who are obese and often consume heavy and spicy meals are more prone to acidity or acid reflux. Overindulging in alcohol and overconsumption of NSAIDs ( Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) can also lead to acidity. Certain conditions like asthma, diabetes, peptic ulcers etc can also give rise to acid reflux.
Being pregnant and menopausal are also some of the situations when acid reflux is at an increase. Studies have shown that high levels of stress and lack of sleep also causes acidity. Excessive intake of tea, coffee, lemon, fried food like French fries, pizzas etc are also the precursors of acidity.
Acidity should not be ignored as it can lead to serious complications in the long run like cancer, gastric ulcers, severe pain in the chest and abdomen etc.
The following tips can help to reduce acid reflux to a large extent
- Fresh fruits and vegetables like watermelon, banana and cucumber help to reduce acidity.
- It is better to have the last meal of the day two to three hours before hitting the bed.
- Small meals at regular intervals should be a habit as keeping too long hours of gap between meals also causes acid build up in the stomach.
- Coconut water and jiggery can soothe the digestive system in case of acidity.
- Chew on a piece of ginger or cloves to get relief from acidity.
- Chewing gums can also help relieve acidity as it increases saliva production which eases the symptoms of heartburn in the food pipe.
- Acid reflux can also be caused due to excessive inflammation. Curcumin is a natural ingredient in turmeric which has good anti inflammatory properties which can help to prevent and ease acid reflux.
- Drinking a glass of cold milk also helps in acidity.
Try all the above natural home remedies to prevent acidity and avoid the medications.